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吹奏单簧管气息的重要性 2018-2021单簧管英皇考级新考纲

美和弦音乐 2021-02-21 07:57:15

吹奏单簧管气息的重要性

气息的运用是演奏好管乐器的重要一环。气息包括呼气和吸气两个方面,两者的协调极为重要。气息的运用与口腔和舌头的控制紧密相关,如果没有舌头的控制,呼出的气就会像失去闸门的水一泄即逝。演奏单簧管有三种呼吸方法:1、胸式;2、腹式;3、胸腹式。目前普遍使用胸腹式方法,这种方法集中了胸式和腹式的各自优点,把胸腔和腹部横膈膜充分利用起来,吸气量大,不易疲劳。初学单簧管的朋友练习吸气时,一般容易出现两肩上抬现象,还以为自己吸足了气,其实这是假象。一般来讲,演奏过程中吸气要快而饱满,做深呼吸状,胸和横膈膜要鼓胀起来;呼气要慢而均匀,横膈膜要托住慢慢呼出的气,这样发出来的声音才可能饱满。在换气时要有意识地松弛一下横膈膜,使没有用完的气都呼出后再吸气,这样才不憋气,从而轻松自如、头脑清醒地完成演奏。单簧管的低音高音气息运用有不同方法。高音区的音,振动频率高,气流急。气量要小,要求音色明亮、柔和。低音区的音,振动频率低,气流缓、气量则要大,才能产生浑厚饱满的音色。演奏时应使高音、中音、低音各音区之间的音色得到统一,这也是衡量演奏者气息运用的好坏的标志。气息运用得好坏直接影响音质和音色。因此正确运用气息,是每个单簧管演奏者应该悉心学习研究的课题


如何做好发音练习
发音也可以称为乐句的起音,起音的好坏对整个乐句演奏过程中的力度、音色等都起着至关重要的作用。首先要有正确的嘴形,才能发出松弛、明亮、穿透力强、富有生命力及色彩多样的声音。嘴形是吹奏方法的灵魂,它牵连到声音共振和音色变化,甚至对呼吸、吐音和运指的灵活也有影响。当笛头放到嘴里时,嘴唇往里包,上牙成斜面放在笛头一公分处,上唇紧挨上牙闭住,下牙用下嘴唇薄薄地垫住,自然地包在哨片与笛头面板分开的位置,嘴角略呈微笑状,面部肌肉放松,嘴唇位置摆好后舌头立即接近哨片,在呼气和舌头离开哨片的一瞬间就发出声音。至于笛头与哨片在嘴里包多少为宜,可根据笛头口缝大、小、长、短而定。一般来讲不宜过多,因为过多会影响吐音的灵活性。下唇也不宜垫得过多,更不能咬紧,因为这既影响音高也影响到声音的松弛及哨片的振动。要发出好听的声音,仅有嘴形的正确是不够的,还必须有口腔、气息、舌头甚至手指的配合。根据自己所学的经验,我认为要吹奏出富有生命力和色彩多样的声音,口腔里面的控制是至关重要的。在嘴唇包好笛头开始发音时,舌头要帮助控制气流,同时下牙、上唇作为支点,将呼出的气推到上牙龈部位,上腭打开,下唇自然含住笛头使哨片充分振动(只有共振的声音才是动听的声音)。这种控制犹如自来水龙头,压力越大,水流越急,口腔里有了一定的压力和控制,气流振动哨片也就会更充分。特别是在演奏雄浑壮阔的fff时,甚至还需要借助手的力量(左手大拇指往前推,右手大拇指往上抬)。当乐器充分共振时,你就会像一个歌唱演员那样感到鼻腔、头部都会有共鸣,即使是吹奏ppp时,口腔里的控制也不能松懈。总之,嘴唇(包括口腔、舌头、气息)与哨片笛头的关系犹如弦乐器弓子琴弦的关系,既不能没有控制,又不能僵而太死。




望京美和弦艺术单簧管课程(入门、ABRSM英皇考级、中央音乐学院考级、中国音乐学院考级,艺考)

学员课程主要内容及项目 1单簧管入门学习; 2、英单簧管考级专业辅导; 3、英皇乐理专业辅导; 4、中央音乐单簧管长笛考级专业辅导; 5、升学、特长生考试专业辅导; 6、成人单簧管专业辅导。单簧管英皇考级分为:乐曲演奏,音阶,视奏,听力四部分。本考级需要基本功扎实,综合能力强。选择指导教师很重要。 上课时间安排: 1、单簧管课均为一对一上课,时间和专业老师协商安排。 2、英皇乐理和中央音乐学院考级音基课为一对一和小班教学: 一对一课时时间和专业老师自由安排.


联系电话与微信:13810559101 张老师




 

 英皇考级介绍

英国皇家音乐学院(ROYALACADEMY OF MUSIC)建于1822年,是一所具有悠久历史的音乐学院,在国际上享有极高的声誉,培养了众多艺术家。在2005年中央电视台拍摄的世界百所名校专辑当中,英国皇家音乐学院是英国weiyi一所入选的音乐学院,还多次被评为全英最的学院。

英国皇家音乐学院联合考级会是一个具有领导地位的国际音乐考试,它举办的音乐考试是当今世界上“”权威的音乐考试之一。自1889年成立以来的百余年中,不断从实践中总结和吸取经验,现已形成一套完善、公正、合理的考试体系。迄今为止,从火热的乌干达到终年白雪的冰岛,从繁华的美国到不发达的孟加拉,它的考试评估制度被世界八十多个国家广泛地采用,英国皇家音乐考级已遍及世界五大洲的各个角落,每年为五十余万的考生进行考核工作,是世界上最庞大的音乐考试。

  音乐考试由易到难分为1—8级。对那些具有突出音乐潜质的考生,联合会还会提供赴英国皇家音乐学院学习的国际奖学金。英国的绝大多数私立学校都设有音乐奖学金。在英国学校如果学生申请音乐奖学金,这意味着申请人必须会演奏两门以上乐器,英国教育部有一项明文规定,凡一门乐器通过英国皇家音乐学院音乐考级八级考试的自动列入GCSE成绩,而且成绩为A,如果考试成绩为Distinction,则成绩为A而剑桥大学有规定:凡被剑桥大学录取的学生,如果某项乐器通过八级考试成绩优异(Distinction,剑桥大学将为该学生提供继续学习的一切费用。英国大学在录取学生时对有音乐特长的学生格外青睐。他们认为一个能演奏乐器的学习成绩优异的学生比一个仅仅是学习成绩优异的学生更有潜力,更具有事半功倍的能力

世界上很多国家都承认英国皇家音乐学院音乐考试级



单簧管ABRSM英皇考级新考纲

单簧管 2018–2021

 






































2































三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :










A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者

书籍(出版商)



Mozart

Allegro, K. 3, arr. Blackwell

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


2

Schubert

The Trout, arr. Litten

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


3

Trad. Cornish

I Love My Love, arr. Bullard

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


4

Anon.


Mr Scoolding’s Minuet, arr. Sparke

Sounds Classical for Clarinet (Anglo Music)


5

Beethoven

German Dance (No. 6 from 12 German Dances,

Classical Music for Children for Clarinet (Schott)







WoO 13), arr. Birtel   grace notes optional











6

Diabelli

Scherzo, arr. Davies & Reade

First Book of Clarinet Solos (Faber: B- or C editions)


7

Elgar


Song of Liberty (from Pomp and Circumstance

Time Pieces for Clarinet, Vol. 1 (ABRSM)









March No. 4), arr. Denley











8

Saint-Saëns

The Elephant (from The Carnival of the

Winners Galore for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)













Animals), arr. Lawrance











9

Trad. Welsh

The Ash Grove, arr. Lawrance

Winners Galore for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)








10

Trad.


Shaker Melody (arr.)

Grade by Grade, Clarinet Grade 2 (Boosey & Hawkes)




American












B

1

Bart


Oom-Pah-Pah (from Oliver!), arr. Blackwell

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


2

Mike Cornick

Definitely! (No. 2 from November Blues)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


3

Paul Harris

Getting to the Front of the Queue

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


4

Phil Coulter &

Puppet on a String, arr. Lawrance

Winners Galore for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)










Bill Martin













5

Hanna, Barbera

Flintstones Theme, arr. Lawrance

Winners Galore for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)










& Curtin













6

Colin Cowles

A Succulent Snail Sings Before Supper (from

Colin Cowles: Amazing Animals for Clarinet


7




Amazing Animals for Clarinet)

(Fentone




)




















Hywel Davies

Song

Grade by Grade, Clarinet Grade 2 (Boosey & Hawkes)


8

S. Foster

Serenade: Beautiful Dreamer, arr. Davies &

First Book of Clarinet Solos (Faber: B- or C editions)







Reade   observing repeat











9

Gershwin

Bidin’ My Time, arr. Ledbury

All Jazzed Up for Clarinet (Brass Wind)




10

Kabalevsky

An Old Dance (No. 7 from 30 Children’s Pieces,

Time Pieces for Clarinet, Vol. 1 (ABRSM)









Op. 27), arr. Denley   observing mordents










C

1

Demnitz

Tenuto Study No. 9 in G (from Elementary

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)







School for Clarinet)











2

Colin Radford

Castle Waltz (No. 8 from 21st-Century Clarinet

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)







Studies)











3

James Rae

Continental Breakfast

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 2 (ABRSM)


4

Ned Bennett

Dougal and the Blue Cat (from Jazz Club

Ned Bennett: Jazz Club Clarinet, Grades 1–2 (IMP)







Clarinet, Grades 1–2)











5

Demnitz

Study in F (from Elementary School for

P. 8 No. 2 from Demnitz: Elementary School for Clarinet







Clarinet)

(Peters) or No. 16 from 80 Graded Studies for Clarinet,









Book 1 (Faber)




6

Langey

Study in G

No. 14 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1









(Faber)




7

James Rae

Pieces of Eight or Rock Summit (No. 16 or No. 19

James Rae: 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet







from 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet)

(Universal)




8

Philip Sparke

Tom’s Tune or Shalom! (No. 13 or No. 14 from

Philip Sparke: Skilful Studies for Clarinet (Anglo Music)







Skilful Studies for Clarinet)











9

Karen Street

Backspace Odyssey

Double Click!! for Solo Clarinet (Gumbles Publications)


10

Martin Yates

Helmsdale Gig (No. 25 from uTunes)

Martin Yates: uTunes (Warwick Music)




 

 

82   钢琴伴奏谱分开出版

 


单簧管 2018–2021

 

 

 

音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 11 & 14 

 







跨度

发音法(由考官指定)


音阶





B- 大调

1

个八度



FC 大调

1

个十二度

吐音 / 连音


D 小调(由考生选择自然小调、旋律小调或和声小调)

1

个八度


A 小调(由考生选择自然小调、旋律小调或和声小调)

1

个十二度



琶音





B- 大调

1

个八度



FC 大调

1

个十二度

吐音 / 连音


D 小调

1

个八度


A 小调

1

个十二度


视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 135 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

83


单簧管 2018–2021

 






































3































三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :










A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者

书籍(出版商)

M.-A.


Prelude (from Te Deum, H. 146), arr. Litten

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)




Charpentier













2

Franck

Panis angelicus (from Mass for Three Voices),

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)







arr. Bullard











3

Rimsky-

Theme from ‘The Young Prince and The Young

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)




Korsakov

Princess’ (3rd movt from Sheherazade, Op. 35),
















arr. Blackwell











4

Byrd


Lord Willobies Welcome Home (from My Ladye Sounds Classical for Clarinet (Anglo Music)







Nevells Booke of Virginal Music), arr. Sparke











5

Grieg


Gratitude (from Lyric Pieces, Op. 62), arr. Sparke

Sounds Classical for Clarinet (Anglo Music)


6

Handel

Bourrée (from Music for the Royal Fireworks,

Classical Music for Children for Clarinet (Schott)







HWV 351), arr. Birtel











7

MacDowell

To a Wild Rose (No. 1 from Woodland Sketches,

Classical Music for Children for Clarinet (Schott) or







Op. 51), arr. Birtel or arr. Davies & Reade

Classical Highlights for Clarinet (Schott) or









First Book of Clarinet Solos (Faber: B- or C editions)


8

T. A. Arne

When daisies pied, arr. Davies & Reade

First Book of Clarinet Solos (Faber: B- or C editions)


9

E. Read

Song Without Words

First Repertoire Pieces for Clarinet (Boosey & Hawkes)


10

Schubert

Who is Sylvia? (from Two Songs), trans. Wastall

First Repertoire Pieces for Clarinet (Boosey & Hawkes)

B

1

T. Baxter

Early Bird

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)


2

Both


High School Dixie (USA) (from Dancing Clarinet)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)


3

E. Johnson

Georgie

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)


4

J. Collis

Going Fishing (3rd movt from Tom Sawyer Suite)

J. Collis: Tom Sawyer Suite (Boosey & Hawkes)


5

Colin Cowles

A Rattle Snake Rag (from Amazing Animals for

Colin Cowles: Amazing Animals for Clarinet


6




Clarinet)

(Fentone




)


















Finzi


Carol (No. 3 from Five Bagatelles)

Finzi: Five Bagatelles (Boosey & Hawkes)


7

Duncan

Mr Benn (from Mr Benn for Clarinet)

Duncan Lamont: Mr Benn for Clarinet (Queen’s




Lamont



Temple Publications)


8

Andrew Lloyd

The Music of the Night (from Phantom of the

Great Winners for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)










Webber

Opera), arr. Lawrance











9

E. Pütz

Blue Waltz, arr. Birtel

Classical Highlights for Clarinet (Schott)


10

John Williams

Hedwig’s Theme (from Harry Potter and the

Ultimate Movie Instrumental Solos for Clarinet (Alfred)







Sorcerer’s/Philosopher’s Stone), arr. Galliford,
















Neuburg & Edmondson










C

1

C. Baermann

Moderato in C (No. 9 from Vollständige

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)







Clarinett-Schule, Part 1, Op. 63)











2

R. Michael

Smarty Artie

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)


3

Trad. English

Morris Tune, arr. Hannen

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 3 (ABRSM)


4

Demnitz

Study in A minor or Study in G (from

P. 13 No. 2 or P. 14 No. 3 from Demnitz: Elementary







Elementary School for Clarinet)

School for Clarinet (Peters)


5

Paul Harris

Study in A minor

No. 21 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1









(Faber)


6

Lazarus

Study in G

No. 23 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1









(Faber)


7

James Rae

Swing Five or Late Train Blues (No. 21 or No. 24

James Rae: 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet







from 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet)

(Universal)


8

Philip Sparke

Windmill Waltz (No. 31 from Skilful Studies for

Philip Sparke: Skilful Studies for Clarinet (Anglo Music)







Clarinet)











9

Karen Street

Yes, App-Arently

Double Click!! for Solo Clarinet (Gumbles Publications)


10

Lynne


Jig (No. 22 from Thirty One Two Three Clarinet

Lynne Williams: Thirty One Two Three Clarinet Studies




Williams

Studies)

(Forton Music)


 

84   钢琴伴奏谱分开出版

 


单簧管 2018–2021

 

 

 

音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 11 & 14 

 








跨度

发音法(由考官指定)


音阶






AD 大调

1

个十二度




GB- 大调

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


BD 小调(由考生选择旋律小调或和声小调)

1

个十二度


G 小调(由考生选择旋律小调或和声小调)

2 个八度




半音音阶






G 开始

1

个八度

吐音 / 连音



琶音






AD 大调

1

个十二度




GB- 大调

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


BD 小调

1

个十二度


G 小调

2 个八度



视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 136 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85


单簧管 2018–2021

 






































4































三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :










A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者

书籍(出版商)



Bizet


Avec la garde montante (from Carmen),

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)







arr. Bullard











2

Gade


Fantasy Piece (No. 1 from Fantasiestücke,

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)







Op. 43)   grace notes optional











3

Trad. Klezmer

Choson Kale Mazel Tov, arr. Gellnick

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)


4

Bizet


Chanson bohème (from Carmen), arr. Lawrance

Great Winners for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)










5

Dvořák

Humoresque, Op. 101 No. 7, arr. Birtel

Classical Music for Children for Clarinet (Schott)


6

Mendelssohn

Song Without Words, Op. 67 No. 2, arr. King &

Mendelssohn for the Clarinet (ABRSM)









Frank











7

Mozart

Voi che sapete (from The Marriage of Figaro),

Mozart Two Arias (OUP)









arr. Benoy & Bryce











8

Purcell

Rondeau, arr. Richardson

First Book of Clarinet Solos (Faber)




9

Reger


Romance, trans. Wastall

First Repertoire Pieces for Clarinet (Boosey & Hawkes)


10

Schumann

Träumerei, Op. 15 No. 7, arr. Birtel

Classical Highlights for Clarinet (Schott)



B

1

Duncan

The Wizard (from Mr Benn for Clarinet)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)




Lamont













2

J. Collis

School’s Out! (1st movt from Tom Sawyer Suite)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)


3

Christopher

Cooling Breeze

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)




Norton













4

Colin Cowles

The Fiery Frog Hopper’s Hop (from Amazing

Colin Cowles: Amazing Animals for Clarinet


5




Animals for Clarinet)

(Fentone




)




















Fields &

On the Sunny Side of the Street, arr. Iveson 

Let’s Face the Music for Clarinet (Brass Wind)




McHugh

observing lower line in bb. 35–40











6

Paul Harris

Andante pacifico con rubato (3rd movt from

Paul Harris: Sonatina for Clarinet (Fentone)







Sonatina for Clarinet)











7

Joplin


Maple Leaf Rag, arr. Lawrance

Great Winners for Clarinet (Brass Wind




)










8

John Williams

Raiders March (from Raiders of the Lost Ark),

Great Winners for Clarinet (Brass Wind




) or













arr. Lawrance or arr. Galliford, Neuburg &

Ultimate Movie Instrumental Solos for Clarinet (Alfred)







Edmondson











9

Bryan Kelly

Aries (No. 1 from Zodiac, Set 1)

Bryan Kelly: Zodiac, Set 1 (Weinberger)




10

Vinter


First Song (from Song and Dance)

First Repertoire Pieces for Clarinet (Boosey & Hawkes)

C

1

Howard

Dog, Bone, Mayhem   stamping optional

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)




Goodall













2

Mark


Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Pike? (No. 3 from

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)




Nightingale

Fishy Scaley Studies)











3

F. L. Schubert

Andantino in A minor (No. 63 from Kleine

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 4 (ABRSM)







theoretisch-praktische Clarinettenschule)











4

Demnitz

Study in D (from Elementary School for

P. 15 No. 5 from Demnitz: Elementary School for







Clarinet)

Clarinet (Peters)




5

Langey

Study in B minor

No. 33 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1









(Faber)




6

Nilia


Study in G minor

No. 38 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1




Velázquez



(Faber)




7

Roger Purcell

Come What May (No. 26 from Scaling the

Roger Purcell: Scaling the Heights (Astute Music)







Heights)











8

James Rae

Exhibit A (No. 23 from 38 More Modern Studies

James Rae: 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet







for Solo Clarinet)

(Universal)




9

James Rae

Save As… or Polka Dotcom

Double Click!! for Solo Clarinet (Gumbles Publications)


10

Philip Sparke

Ursa Major or Hungarian Dance (No. 37 or

Philip Sparke: Skilful Studies for Clarinet (Anglo Music)







No. 38 from Skilful Studies for Clarinet)











 

86   钢琴伴奏谱分开出版

 


单簧管 2018–2021

 

 

 

音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 11 & 14 

 










跨度

发音法(由考官指定)


音阶






E- 大调


1 个十二度




FACD 大调

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


C 小调(由考生选择旋律小调或和声小调)

1 个十二度


ABD

小调(由考生选择旋律小调或和声小调)

2 个八度




半音音阶






F 开始


2 个八度

吐音 / 连音



琶音






E- 大调


1 个十二度




FACD 大调

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


C 小调


1 个十二度


ABD

小调

2 个八度




属七和弦(解决到主音)





C


2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 136 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

87


单簧管 2018–2021

 






















5















三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :


A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者

书籍(出版商)

attrib.


Tambourin (from Piramo e Tisbe), arr. Jones

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)




J. A. Hasse





2

C. Nielsen

Fantasy Piece, FS 3h, CNW 66 

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)







observing printed cadenza









3

Weber


Theme and Variation 1 (from Variations on a

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)







Theme from Silvana, Op. 33)



4

J. S. Bach

Air (from Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D,

Classical Highlights for Clarinet (Schott)







BWV 1068), arr. Birtel



5

C. Baermann

Romanze

C. Baermann: Romanze for Clarinet (Schott)


6

Bizet


Entr’acte (from Carmen), arr. Schmidt

Solos for Clarinet (Carl Fischer)


7

Brahms

Allegretto grazioso (3rd movt from Sonata in

Brahms: Sonatas, Op. 120 (Henle) or







F minor, Op. 120 No. 1)

Brahms: Sonata in F minor, Op. 120 No. 1 (Wiener Urtext)


8

Delibes

Andante quasi allegretto

French Clarinet Encores, Book 2 (Pan Educational Music)


9

Lefèvre

Allegro (3rd movt from Sonata No. 2 in G minor) First Repertoire Pieces for Clarinet (Boosey & Hawkes)


10

Mendelssohn

Spring Song, Op. 62 No. 6, arr. King & Frank

Mendelssohn for the Clarinet (ABRSM)

B

1

Mike Cornick

Talkin’ the Talk

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)


2

Paul Harvey

Miltonality

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)


3

Mandel &

The Shadow of Your Smile, arr. Ledbury

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)




Webster





4

M. Arnold

Andantino (2nd movt from Sonatina, Op. 29)

M. Arnold: Sonatina, Op. 29 (Lengnick)


5

Duke


In a Sentimental Mood, arr. Wastall

Grade by Grade, Clarinet Grade 5 (Boosey & Hawkes)




Ellington





6

Finzi


Forlana (No. 4 from Five Bagatelles)

Grade by Grade, Clarinet Grade 5 (Boosey & Hawkes) or









Finzi: Five Bagatelles (Boosey & Hawkes)


7

Paul Harris

Allegro vigoroso (4th movt from Sonatina for

Paul Harris: Sonatina for Clarinet (Fentone)







Clarinet)



8

Nigel Hess

Theme from Ladies in Lavender

Nigel Hess: Theme from Ladies in Lavender for









Clarinet (Faber)


9

Mack &

Charleston, arr. Iveson 

Let’s Face the Music for Clarinet (Brass Wind)




Johnson

observing lower line in bb. 37–52



10

Bryan Kelly

Gemini (No. 2 from Zodiac, Set 1)

Bryan Kelly: Zodiac, Set 1 (Weinberger)

C

1

Chris Allen

Study in D (No. 33 from Progressive Studies for

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)







Clarinet, Book 1)



2

John Sands

Easy Come, Easy Go (No. 3 from 21 Jazz

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)







Clarinet Études)



3

Wiedemann

Czárdás (No. 36 from Praktische und

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 5 (ABRSM)







theoretische Studien für Klarinette)



4

Demnitz

Study in B- (from Elementary School for

P. 21 No. 15 from Demnitz: Elementary School for







Clarinet)

Clarinet (Peters)


5

Chris Gumbley Just Browsing

Double Click!! for Solo Clarinet (Gumbles Publications)


6

István Kleiper

Ukrainian Dance   observing repeat

No. 46 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1









(Faber)


7

C. Rose

Study in C minor

No. 45 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 1









(Faber)


8

Roger Purcell

Organised Chaos or On the Move (No. 30 or

Roger Purcell: Scaling the Heights (Astute Music)







No. 42 from Scaling the Heights)



9

James Rae

Breakaway (No. 31 from 38 More Modern

James Rae: 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet







Studies for Solo Clarinet)

(Universal)


10

Philip Sparke

Party Piece (No. 40 from Skilful Studies for

Philip Sparke: Skilful Studies for Clarinet (Anglo Music)







Clarinet)



 

88








单簧管

2018

2021












音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 11 & 14 页











跨度

发音法(由考官指定)






音阶











EGA- B- E- 大调


2 个八度

吐音 / 连音






F F+

G C C+

小调(由考生选择旋律小调或和声小调)






、 、、








半音音阶










AC 开始



2 个八度

吐音 / 连音






琶音











EGA- B- E - 大调

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音






FF+ GCC+ 小调







属七和弦(解决到主音)








DF



2 个八度

吐音 / 连音






减七和弦










G

开始



2 个八度

吐音 / 连音





视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 137 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

89


单簧管 2018–2021

 












































6





















































报考的先决条件 : 先通过

ABRSM

乐理

5

级。请参见


.

.

org

/

prerequisite











www

abrsm


















三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :








A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者





书籍(出版商)



Debussy

La fille aux cheveux de lin (No. 8 from Préludes,

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)







Book 1), arr. Bullard













2

Stanford

Intermezzo (No. 2 from Three Intermezzi, Op. 13)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)



3

Vanhal

Adagio (2nd movt from Sonata in B-, W. XIa:27)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)



4

Bassi


Nocturne






Solos for Clarinet (Carl Fischer)



5

Handel

Giga (from Sonata in F, Op. 1 No. 1), arr. Schmidt

Solos for Clarinet (Carl Fischer)



6

Brahms

Hungarian Dance No. 5, WoO 1/1, arr. Mauz

Classical Highlights for Clarinet (Schott)



7

Bruch


Andante tranquillo and Allegro non troppo

Bruch: Swedish Dances, Op. 63 (Musica Rara)







(Nos 2 and 3 from Swedish Dances, Op. 63),














arr. Magistrelli













8

L. Kozeluch

Poco adagio (2nd movt from Concerto in E -)

L. Kozeluch: Concerto in E- (Kunzelmann)



9

Mozart

Church Sonata No. 2 in B-, K. 68, arr. Ettlinger

No. 1 from Mozart Four Church Sonatas (Boosey &














Hawkes)






10

Tartini,

Grave and Allegro molto (1st and 2nd movts

Tartini: Concertino (Boosey & Hawkes)




arr. Jacob

from Concertino)












B

1

Brian Chapple

Spanish Brandy (No. 4 from Ebony & Ivory)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)



2

Finzi


Prelude (No. 1 from Five Bagatelles)


Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)



3

Rodgers & Hart Blue Moon, arr. Churchill




Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)



4

M. Arnold

Con brio (from English Dances, Set II, Op. 33),

No. 1 from M. Arnold English Dances for Clarinet







arr. Harris






(Lengnick)






5

J. Collis

Jackson’s Island (2nd movt from Tom Sawyer

J. Collis: Tom Sawyer Suite (Boosey & Hawkes)







Suite)














6

A. Cooke

Alla Marcia






A. Cooke: Alla Marcia (Emerson)



7

Gershwin

Promenade (Walking the Dog), arr. Denwood

Gershwin: Promenade (Walking the Dog) for Clarinet














(Emerson)






8

Paul Harvey

Jollipop (No. 2 from Three Harveynian


Paul Harvey: Three Harveynian Showpieces







Showpieces)   bends & gliss. optional


(Reedimensions)




9

James Rae

Sole Bay (1st movt from Southwold Sonatina)

James Rae: Southwold Sonatina (Reedimensions)



10

Raybould

The Wistful Shepherd




Raybould: The Wistful Shepherd (Boosey & Hawkes)


C

1

Demnitz

Chord Study in A- (from Elementary School for

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)







Clarinet)














2

Rachmaninoff

Variations 3 and 4 (from Rhapsody on a Theme

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)







of Paganini, Op. 43), arr. Denwood










3

Jeffery Wilson

Fast (No. 3 from Three Jazz Studies)


Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 6 (ABRSM)



4

Rob Buckland

Squaring the Circle





Solo Clarinet, Book 1 (Astute Music)



5

Chris Gumbley Lift-off (from Solo Flight for Clarinet)


Chris Gumbley: Solo Flight for Clarinet (Brass Wind)



6

Lange


Study in C






No. 58 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 2














(Faber)







7

I. Müller

Study in G minor





No. 51 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 2














(Faber)







8

Roger Purcell

Scotch on the Rocks 

bends optional


Roger Purcell: Scaling the Heights (Astute Music)







or Hoe-Down   observing repeats















(No. 44 or No. 59 from Scaling the Heights)










9

James Rae

The Funkmeister (No. 30 from 38 More Modern

James Rae: 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet







Studies for Solo Clarinet)




(Universal)





10

Nigel Wood

Jab Jab (No. 1 from Six Exotic Studies for


Nigel Wood: Six Exotic Studies for Solo Clarinet (Saxtet







Solo Clarinet)





Publications)




 

90


单簧管 2018–2021

 

 

 

音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 11 & 14 

 








跨度

发音法(由考官指定)


音阶





A- /G+ BCD 大调及小调(旋律小调及和声小调)

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


E 大调及小调(旋律小调及和声小调)

3 个八度


三度音阶





B- 大调

1 个八度

吐音 / 连音



半音音阶





G+ 、D 开始

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


E 开始

3 个八度


琶音





A- /G+ BCD 大调及小调

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


E 大调及小调

3 个八度


属七和弦(解决到主音)





C+ G

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


A

3 个八度


减七和弦





G+ 、D 开始

2 个八度

吐音 / 连音


E 开始

3 个八度




视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 137 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

91


单簧管 2018–2021

 












































7





















































报考的先决条件 : 先通过

ABRSM

乐理

5

级。请参见


.

.

org

/

prerequisite











www

abrsm


















三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :








A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者





书籍(出版商)



Hurlstone

Scherzo (No. 4 from Four Characteristic Pieces)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



2

Lefèvre

Rondeau (3rd movt from Sonata No. 10)


Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



3

Schumann

Romance (No. 1 from Three Romances, Op. 94)

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



4

Brahms

Trio Movement (from Trio for Clarinet,


Brahms: Trio Movement for Clarinet (Emerson)







Cello and Piano, Op. 114), arr. Allen










5

Brahms

Vivace (4th movt from Sonata in F minor,


Brahms: Sonatas, Op. 120 (Henle) or







Op. 120 No. 1)





Brahms: Sonata in F minor, Op. 120 No. 1 (Wiener Urtext)



6

Chopin

Nocturne in E-, Op. 9 No. 2, trans. Dangain


Chopin: Nocturne for Clarinet, Op. 9 No. 2 (Billaudot)



7

Mozart

Church Sonata No. 17 in B-, K. 336,


No. 4 from Mozart Four Church Sonatas (Boosey &







arr. Ettlinger   observing cadenza


Hawkes)






8

Saint-Saëns

Allegretto (1st movt from Sonata in E -, Op. 167)

Saint-Saëns: Sonata in E-, Op. 167 (Henle or Durand) or














The Chester Clarinet Anthology (Chester)



9

C. Stamitz

Rondo: Poco allegro (3rd movt from


C. Stamitz: Concerto No. 10 in B- (Sikorski–Music Sales)







Concerto No. 10 in B-)












10

Stanford

Allegretto scherzando (No. 3 from Three


Stanford: Three Intermezzi, Op. 13 (Chester)







Intermezzi, Op. 13)












B

1

John Blood

The Dreamer (No. 3 from City People)


Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



2

Paul Lewis

Sérénade populaire 

gliss. optional


Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



3

Ravel


Pièce en forme d’Habañera



Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



4

M. Arnold

Allegro non troppo (from English Dances, Set II,

No. 5 from M. Arnold English Dances for Clarinet







Op. 33), arr. Harris





(Lengnick)






5

Brian Chapple

Allegro giocoso (No. 1 from A Bit of a Blow)


Brian Chapple: A Bit of a Blow for Clarinet (Bosworth)



6

Mike Cornick

Allegro (3rd movt from Sonata for Clarinet)

Mike Cornick: Sonata for Clarinet (Reedimensions)



7

Dankworth

Pavane (2nd movt from Suite for Emma) 


Dankworth: Suite for Emma (Chester) or







observing printed ad lib.




The Chester Clarinet Anthology (Chester)



8

Roxanna

LOLlaby






Roxanna Panufnik: LOLlaby (Peters)




Panufnik
















9

Poulenc

Romanza (2nd movt from Sonata for Clarinet)

Poulenc: Sonata for Clarinet (Chester) or














The Chester Clarinet Anthology (Chester)



10

James Rae

Off to the Nelson! (3rd movt from Southwold

James Rae: Southwold Sonatina (Reedimensions)







Sonatina)













C

1

Backofen

Allegro con spirito (from Anweisung zur


Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)







Clarinette)














2

Chris Gumbley Off and Back On





Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)



3

Philip Sparke

Swiss Mountain Air (No. 22 from Super Studies

Clarinet Exam Pieces 2018–2021, Grade 7 (ABRSM)







for Clarinet)














4

Rob Buckland

Brazilian Walk





Solo Clarinet, Book 1 (Astute Music)



5

Dessein

Marionettes






No. 70 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 2














(Faber)







6

C. Rose

Study in A






No. 61 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 2














(Faber)







7

Roger Purcell

Now Get This! (No. 53 from Scaling the Heights)

Roger Purcell: Scaling the Heights (Astute Music)



8

James Rae

Tongue Twister or Hocus Pocus (No. 36 or


James Rae: 38 More Modern Studies for Solo Clarinet







No. 38 from 38 More Modern Studies for


(Universal)










Solo Clarinet)













 

 

 

92






单簧管

2018

2021



















作曲家

曲目 / 作品 / 改编者

书籍(出版商)





9  Uhl

Study No. 6 or Study No. 20 (from 48 Studies for

Uhl: 48 Studies for Clarinet, Book 1 (Schott)








Clarinet, Book 1)






10 Nigel Wood

Balletico (No. 2 from Six Exotic Studies for

Nigel Wood: Six Exotic Studies for Solo Clarinet (Saxtet





Solo Clarinet)

Publications)





 

音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 1114 & 16 

 








跨度

发音法(由考官指定)


音阶





F+ AB- D- /C+ 大调及小调(旋律小调及和声小调)

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F 大调及小调(旋律小调及和声小调)

3 个八度


扩展音域的音阶





C 大调

参见第 6 页

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音



三度音阶





G 大调

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音



半音音阶





F+ 、B- 、C+ 开始

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F 开始

3 个八度


琶音





F+ AB- D- /C+ 大调及小调

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F 大调及小调

3 个八度


属七和弦(解决到主音)





BE- F+ 

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


B- 

3 个八度


减七和弦





F+ 、B- 、C+ 开始

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F 开始

3 个八度




视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 138 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

93


单簧管 2018–2021

 














































8























































报考的先决条件 : 先通过

ABRSM

乐理

5

级。请参见


.

.

org

/

prerequisite












www

abrsm


















三首乐曲 :考生从 AB 和 C 三套曲目中各选 1 首 :








A

1

作曲家


曲目 / 作品 / 改编者






书籍(出版商)



Brahms

Allegro appassionato (1st movt from Sonata in

Brahms: Sonatas, Op. 120 (Henle) or







F minor, Op. 120 No. 1)





Brahms: Sonata in F minor, Op. 120 No. 1 (Wiener Urtext)



2

Brahms

Allegro amabile (1st movt from Sonata in E -,

Brahms: Sonatas, Op. 120 (Henle) or







Op. 120 No. 2)






Brahms: Sonata in E-, Op. 120 No. 2 (Wiener Urtext)



3

Cavallini

Una lagrima sulla tomba dell’immortale


Cavallini: Una lagrima sulla tomba dell’immortale







Rossini   observing printed cadenzas


Rossini (Lazarus Edition)



4

Crusell

Rondo: Allegretto (3rd movt from Concerto


Crusell: Concerto No. 2 in F minor, Op. 5 (Universal)







No. 2 in F minor, Op. 5)













5

della Giacoma

Tosca Fantasia, Op. 171





della Giacoma: Tosca Fantasia, Op. 171 (Musica Rara)



6

Krommer

Allegro (1st movt from Concerto in E -, Op. 36)

Krommer: Concerto in E-, Op. 36 (Kunzelmann or















Bärenreiter Praha)




7

I. J. Pleyel

Rondo: Allegro (3rd movt from Concerto in C),

I. J. Pleyel: Concerto in C (Musica Rara)







trans. Dobrée














8

Saint-Saëns

Molto allegro (4th movt from Sonata in E -,


Saint-Saëns: Sonata in E-, Op. 167 (Henle or Durand)







Op. 167)















9

Schumann

Lebhaft, leicht and Rasch und mit Feuer


Schumann: Fantasiestücke, Op. 73 (Peters or Henle:







(Nos 2 and 3 from Fantasiestücke, Op. 73)


A/B- edition)




10

Weber


Allegro or Rondo: Allegretto (1st or 3rd movt

Weber: Concerto No. 1 in F minor, Op. 73 (Henle or







from Concerto No. 1 in F minor, Op. 73)


Boosey & Hawkes)



B

1

M. Arnold

Allegro con brio or Furioso (1st or 3rd movt

M. Arnold: Sonatina, Op. 29 (Lengnick)







from Sonatina, Op. 29)













2

L. Bernstein

Grazioso (1st movt from Sonata for Clarinet)

L. Bernstein: Sonata for Clarinet (Boosey & Hawkes)



3

Dankworth

Valse or Ballade (1st or 3rd movt from Suite for

Dankworth: Suite for Emma (Chester)







Emma)















4

Grovlez

Sarabande et Allegro, trans. Delécluse


Grovlez: Sarabande et Allegro (Leduc)



5

Paul Harvey

Hinsong (No. 3 from Three Harveynian


Paul Harvey: Three Harveynian Showpieces







Showpieces)







(Reedimensions)




6

Joseph

Con brio (3rd movt from Sonatina for Clarinet)

Joseph Horovitz: Sonatina for Clarinet (Novello)




Horovitz

















7

Poulenc

Allegro tristamente (1st movt from Sonata for

Poulenc: Sonata for Clarinet (Chester)







Clarinet)















8

Reizenstein

Allegro vivace (1st movt from Sonatina, Op. 48)

Reizenstein: Sonatina, Op. 48 (Boosey & Hawkes)



9

A. Ridout

Concertino for Clarinet 

complete


A. Ridout: Concertino for Clarinet (Emerson)



10

Seiber


Toccata (1st movt from Concertino for Clarinet)

Seiber: Concertino for Clarinet (Schott)


C

1

Abreu


Tico-tico no fubá, arr. Héau



Abreu: Tico-tico no fubá for solo clarinet (Billaudot)



2

J. S. Bach

Giga (from Partita No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1004),

No. 19 from Bach 21 Pieces for Clarinet (Ricordi)







trans. Giampieri














3

C. Baermann

Variations sentimentales





No. 74 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 2















(Faber)







4

Lazarus

Study in G minor






No. 80 from More Graded Studies for Clarinet, Book 2















(Faber)







5

P.-M. Dubois

Allegro brillante (1st movt from Sonata Brève)

P.-M. Dubois: Sonata Brève (Leduc)



6

Chris Gumbley Streaming Hot!






Double Click!! for Solo Clarinet (Gumbles Publications)



7

Paul Harris

Allegro agitato (1st movt from Sonata da


Paul Harris: Sonata da Camera for solo clarinet







Camera for solo clarinet)





(Queen’s Temple Publications)



8

Paul Harvey

I Got Rhythm (No. 1 from Three Etudes on


Paul Harvey: Three Etudes on Themes of Gershwin for







Themes of Gershwin for Solo Clarinet)


Solo Clarinet (Emerson)




 

94


单簧管 2018–2021

 

 

 

作曲家曲目 / 作品 / 改编者书籍(出版商)


 

9StravinskyNos 1 and 3 (from Three Pieces for Clarinet

 

Solo)   B - or A clarinet may be used

Stravinsky: Three Pieces for Clarinet Solo (Chester)


 

10 UhlStudy No. 12 or Study No. 21 (from 48 StudiesUhl: 48 Studies for Clarinet, Book 1 (Schott)

for Clarinet, Book 1)

 

音阶与琶音 :背谱演奏,更多信息请看第 1114 & 16 

 







跨度

发音法(由考官指定)


音阶




BCE- 大调及小调(旋律小调及和声小调)

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F+ G 大调及小调(旋律小调及和声小调)

3 个八度


扩展音域的音阶




A 大调

参见第 6 页

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


E 和声小调


三度音阶




D 大调

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F 大调

3 个八度


半音音阶




BCE- 开始

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F+ 、G 开始

3 个八度


全音音阶




D- 开始

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


E 开始

3 个八度


琶音




BCE- 大调及小调

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F+ G 大调及小调

3 个八度


扩展音域的琶音




A 大调

参见第 6 页

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


E 小调


属七和弦(解决到主音)




EFA- 

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


BC

3 个八度


减七和弦




BCE- 开始

2 个八度

连奏 - 吐音 / 断奏 / 连音


F+ 、G 开始

3 个八度



视奏测试 :考生需要演奏一首没有见过的短曲,详细信息请参见第 12 & 18–19 

 

听力测试 :考官在钢琴上弹出考题,并对考生提问,请参见第 134 & 139 


 

 

 



ABRSM英皇考纲介绍